AKA Victorin Garaix
Victorin GARAIX GARAIX said Victor was born on 8/11/1890 at Taulignan (Drôme.. Provençal today), he died on duty in command of his aircraft on 23/8/1914 at Tucquenieux (Meurthe et Moselle)
Son of Jean-Louis GARAIX (Taulignan 15/7/1855-Cannes 8 / 31929) and
Melina REYNAUD (25/5/1861- Ponsas Villeneuve le Roi 25/5/1955), married on 1/5/1886.
Brother of Marie Fernande Ireneus GARAIX (Taulignan 15/12/1888 - Paris 16/2/1963) which
5/7/1913 Isidore married Frédéric ROSSET.
Their children Victor and Odette-Claude (wife SALVAIRE) are the nephews of Victor GARAIX, and children of these small-nephews.
Victor GARAIX has acquired in her internship in the automotive industry (in BOILLEAU in Longjumeau) extensive experience in the engine. Boilleau hesitate to entrust one of its cars to participate in the "Grand Prize of the carts" [The Aérophile]
It is among Boilleau that built the vehicle with which he ran the Paris-Dieppe.
He had to live with his father in Villeneuve le Roi, where we saw the remains of the vehicle.
Victor GARAIX works at "The Bonnet-Airplanes Labranche (192 ter rue Lecourbe Paris 15th) from 24/8/1908 to 22/5/1909 as a mechanic for repair and maintenance of aircraft No. 1, No. 2 (monoplanes), directs the construction of gliders, scale models and monoplane No. 3.
Victor GARAIX worked at A.V.I.A. "Ateliers de Constructions Aériennes Vosges" of 22/5/1909 to 6/9/1910 as head of workshop, ensuring even the last few months the management of the plant in Saint Dié. His boss, Charles Roux a certificate whose full text is as follows:
I said I have had for 22 May 1909 to 6 September 1910 Mr Victor GARAIX as workshop manager. During the last eight months Mr GARAIX has accumulated as plant manager of St. Dié with head shop ..
It was released free of any commitment at the close of my workshops for a fortuitous reason quite independent of its services
I have always had to rent me his services and his great qualities as a mechanic who did not exclude him from a great knowledge of all branches of construction.
Mr GARAIX is in my opinion, at the moment, one of the men "of the trade" with the greatest experience of construction and the development of aviation equipment. In addition I was very happy with the way in the most critical moments, he saved my interests with highly aware of its responsibility, fully justify the great confidence I have in him. I would add that he was very loved and esteemed and personnel under his command (he had up to forty workers and supervisors for leadership.
I only regret not being able to offer a situation in relation to its merit.
It was not 20 years ...
Then he starts to fly to Nancy and Juvisy monoplanes and biplanes.
Victor GARAIX metal monoplane built his: he was one of the first to build metal.
It flies with in Issy-les Moulineaux. [The Aérophile]
He started the series construction of this device, but it must abandon them opportunities
It is around this time that advertising this Capri:
METAL AIRPLANES "CHARLES ROUX"
Victor GARAIX and Co., Builders
Monoplane type & Biplan 1911 to 1, 2 & 3 seats from 30 to 100 HP
since 6000 francs
Spare parts - wings Robusta - Propellers - Propellers - Hubs
AUTOGEN WELD - STEEL FUSELAGE
All work for aviation
Offices, factories and workshops, 48, Boul. Asnières, Ile de la Jatte. Neuilly sur Seine
DRIVING SCHOOL OF THE IISY to MOULINEAUX - OFFER & Cordani, dealers Directors
Victor GARAIX entered the Ecole de pilotage d'Issy le Moulineaux, then The Vidamée: he got his pilot's license on 8/11/1912 (Patent No. 1133.
The School Vidamée moved to Chartres:
Mr Alexander heads the School Steering Aero Tourism Victor GARAIX which is the instructor.
It was at Chartres that he met Paul Schmidt, the owner of Aeroplan Paul Schmidt "and enter in March, leaving Alexander as an instructor and head of the development (test pilot) in.
In June we made a feature film where he lives with his camera, in the presence of Americans (including the daughter of Pierpont-Morgan)
He spent his military pilot's license and will address multiple records on the incidence variable biplane designed by Schmidt.
? It is a mechanism enabling the pilot to change the angle (between 0) and 18 °) between the fuselage and wings of the biplane (the angle will be different for the online and speed for the ascent ).
Victor GARAIX is already known internationally.
In spring 1913 he was asked by the "airplane" of Bulgaria Philippopolis to lead a flight school, both as chief pilot and chief engineer.
The year of all records .. and his death.
It was in February that starting this campaign with prodigious method and this set of qualities that characterize Victor GARAIX for all who approached willpower, courage, method, meaning the "calculated risk" with the adjective "nice" that often in the articles.
In those early days of aviation records to beat are numerous records for altitude, speed, duration, distance, each finely cut: records with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 passengers ... time for 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 100km, etc .... which explains the number of 41 world records achieved by Victor GARAIX early July 1914
These flights carried out with the famous Paul Schmitt biplane in which he will be shot, were in difficult conditions but the data were checked: weight of the passengers, the oil and gasoline, altitude, time, temperature
Thus, for the record of February 5 with 5 passengers on the pilot knows that weighed 85 kg and 325 kg passengers, with 100 liters of gasoline and 40 liters of oil weighing 155kg. - It took 36 minutes to set up and 16 down, partly gliding.
For the record 2 March, vol 55 minutes, they were in the open air at -22 ° and the aircraft was covered with frost down ..
For the record 9 passengers March 31 passengers were packed like sardines in a box, hence the response leaving the bottom of the fuselage to Victor recommended not to move "you can be quiet! .
It was the competition between different countries, including Germany and France, and Victor GARAIX, enjoying the qualities of the aircraft began Schmitt méthodiquemnt up the records: altitude first, then distance. It should be added that the airplane by General Estienne as part of aviation and heavy as the beginning of "Aerobus" particularly interested GARAIX who believed the future of air travel beyond what is could do at the time.
It must be said that the incidents, the failure in attempts were numerous, as it is very very good book full of Mr. Kurca on the beginnings of aviation in Chartres ..
Here are the successive records of 1914:
- 31/1/1914 passengers with 6 Altitude: 1750 m
- 04/2/1914 with 5 passengers Altitude: 2230 m - 30 min flight
- 06/2/1914 Altitude with 4 passengers: 2750 m (Morning 6 / 2)
- 25/2/1914 Altitude with 4 passengers: 3150 m (AM 26 / 2)
- 02/3/1914 with 3 passengers Altitude: 3300 m - he beats the German Sablating by wind (15 m / s) to -22 °. (Aéro of the 3 / 3)
- 17/3/1914 Altitude with 7 passengers: 1650 m
At this time an exchange of letters took place with Dr culty to organize the arrival of Victor Taulignan airplane, at the invitation of his fellow citizens, proud of him now ..
- 28/3/1914 passengers with 8 Altitude: 1550 m - mounted in 44 minutes while Sikorski on his powerful camera placed 2 h to reach this altitude ( "l" Morning "from 29 / 3)
- 31/3/1914 Altitude with 9 passengers: 1580m - 1000m ascent fast, then more slowly thereafter. Gliding descent with just a few times in the engine
; - Vol xx/4/1914 Juvisy at Chartres in 42 minutes for 70 km, but record "through the campaign, not homology.
- 22/4/1914 In a flight with passengers it flies 6 or 38 sets records: 110km in 1h.02 at 104.3km / h with peak to average 107 km / h
On 30 May GARAIX Victor receives a telegram from Mr Hidelsheimer, delegate of the Austrian Aeroclub asking him if he wants to attend the Vienna meeting, and inviting to visit him at Carlton if the answer is positive. .. but it was not a regular in this event.
- 10/6/1914 New harvest records in a flight with passengers 5: average speed, maximum speed, distance, duration, time (¼,½, 1h)
- 03/7/1914 record length with 3 passengers: 4h 03mn 20s closed circuit over Chartres (450 km).
This is the 41st GARAIX Victor record 138 world records in 110 back to France.
Beginning July GARAIX Victor also conducts flights with British Mission concerned by the "Paul Schmitt and records fall during this mission.
Raised in St. Cyr, a volunteer on 5 August, it is mandated to bring the biplane Schmitt Paul de Chartres on 8 August 1914. His last letter is a hotel in Paris, on 14 August 1914, the eve of his departure ..
Verdun he joined with Paul Schmidt, Saturday 15 August with his camera before with two machine guns; The very bad weather force them to land near Chateau-Thierry and Verdun not join the next day with the wind.
The aircraft is fitted with two launchers 155mm shells.
He went on a mission from the 17, with two gunners (Schmidt and Latreille), and then executes the bombing missions 20, 21 and 22, thanks to its load that exceeds 500kg and the ability to climb to 3000 meters.
On 23 August he made a first mission between 8h.20 and 9h.45.
That is when we learned that the Germans have just installed the "special batteries (AAA!) Making it impossible to fly in the region: Victor offers GARAIX Captain Mauger de Varennes who applaud him, to seize performance of his plane to go disable the battery. The lieutenant Saizieux seeking to accompany an observer-gunner. Parties to 16.30 Audun le Roman will be slaughtered at an altitude of 3000m above the village of Tucquenieux or GARAIX Saizieux and buried with military honors in Germany.
The "State of Service" of the Army are very clear on these circumstances, confirmed by the eyewitness.
A report was made by Captain Mauger de Varenne, seconded by Commander Faure, advocating the command of this aircraft to equip the Army: they were impressed by its exceptional qualities to the time (much higher than those of his contemporary, the Farman HF 20).
Unfortunately this will not prevent competitors from Paul Schmitt of the word that the plane had exploded in flight, and the report will be buried, but also the bravery of GARAIX will not be recognized!
. For the family it will be silent until May 1915 when the Catholic Mission gave the Swiss news: he was shot at Tucquenieux (Meurthe et Moselle) during a difficult mission, for which he had declared voluntary.
Thus ended a career pursued with such mastery that looked promising when he was not 24 years.
1. The journal "The AEROPHILE" of 1913-1914 reported in many successes No. GARAIX Victor and devoted a long article Paul Schmidt biplane in his No. 15/2/1914
2. The same is true of the "Journal Aérienne" Year 1914
3. Alain Kurca The Pioneers of Aviation in Beauce - 1877/1917, to whom I communicated my files,
Contributed by Victor-Claude Rosset, 7-11-09