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Del libro “Los vuelos del centenario.
Crónica de la aviación Argentina en1910
Autor Eloy Martin”
He was a young Italian born in Piedmont, Italy, Jan 20 1882, which enjoyed enormous prestige internationally because of his risky explorations and hunts in Africa. To this was added the background of their experiences bold mountaineers, a lucida participation in various prizes and a motor launch, no less pro-metedora in both branches of the conquest of the air. Back then it had the Brevet Pilot Aviator No. 60, issued by the Aero Club of Italy.
Based on these significant merits, the Baron de Marchi, his personal friend and the then president of the Society Spor-up Argentina, the biggest and most important sporting institution of the time, invited him to come to Argentina to Several exhibitions of flights. Responding to this invitation Ponzelli arrived in Buenos Aires on January 16, 1910 in Umbria steam, bringing an cellular Voisin biplane with a 60 hp engine ENV cooled with water.
Ponzelli, after discarding the old Hippodrome National Nunez because of the difficulty of access, was installed at the Hippodrome Hurlingham and then went to the firing range Campo de Mayo, in agreement with the Manage-ment Railway to Buenos Aires PT (after Gral. Sint Maarten) before a special program of the Hurlingham Shipments days until January 30, 2, 3 and Feb. 5 by placing a blackboard in the Retiro station to announce the flights. At the entrance to the racecourse claimed public except for the shareholders of the Company S. who had free access. (Diario La Nacion, Friday, January 28, 1910)
He was truly the first aviator who tried to make the first flight in our country with''heavier than air. "Arrived in Buenos Aires on January 6, 1910 sponsored by the Society S. Argentina then headed by its founder, Baron Antonio of Marchi.
On January 30, 1910 made its first flight attempt, which was considered by the Aero Club Argentino (Act No. 47, Book 1) "without much success, because it simply took a leap of no more than 200 meters tall and very little ". This failure of the Aero Club in contrast to that poured on the occasion of the real, conclusive and unobjectionable that the French flight Bregier made 7 days after the LONGCHAMPS Racecourse, was a source of acute controversy then, and in this trance, presume, that perhaps the Passion has exercised influence in the unfortunate event questioned, causing the ever-sterile confrontation. Do not say this based on something our presumption that evidence regarding the documentation of the Aero Club, but the assessment by the historian Mr. Antonio Maria Recalde Biedma who in his mag-mean article published in the Journal of the National Aeronautics January 1955, under the title "The First Flight in Argentina" on the one hand said: "The difference between the flights in question is clear. One (Ponzelli of the) only in a straight line and with uncontrolled descent, the other (the Bregier) circuit with a point of departure and arrival in the same place, all made with absolute normality." On the other hand, Mr Biedma asserts: "Ponzelli was harsh and unfair-injured mind at that time ..."
The precedent-particularly rigorous trial, it is unclear whom were such grievances, and whether there was raised-what causes us to surmise that in those historical moments were annoying situations, whose scopes, except the technical aspect of the evidence, objectively and formally , Are unknown. It should be noted that Ponzelli after repair after two days of arduous task breakdowns that led to his Voisin in his first attempt (Jan. 30), Feb. 2 if the next test in a cart, he returned to the one in crash against a pole. On the occasion, his Ponzelli was fired from a seat, resulting in contusa wound in his right leg and others in various parts of the body.
As for the post-action very soon indeed, Mr Ponzelli in Argentina read in the Act No. 29, Book 1 of the Aero Club dated April 7, 1910 meeting which chaired the Steering Committee of Ing. Jorge Newbery, the following resolution: "Reply to Mr Ponzelli, who intends to establish an aviation school in Villa Lugano that, to consider their request, we will need to acquire the title of chief that he may extend the Aero Club Argentino, always to undergo the necessary experience in their respective examination before the Commission. " And on this same subject (Act No. 32 respectively), the Aero Club of the CD was issued as follows: "Whereas the matter of Mr Ponzelli on a facility that will raise the aerodrome of Villa Lugano, it was resolved that the workshops that there occupy a site to construct the right of the entrance, without any communication with the interior of the airfield ground should be the gateway into the street. Mr. Duclout believes that Mr Ponzelli directs, a letter to the Aero Club that she will leave the aerodrome whenever so requested, with a notice of 20 days, which was approved. "
Ponzelli won by the Aero Club Argentino (for revalidates) their brevet No. 9, but as for the installation of the school of aviation alluding to the minutes transcribed, there is no record whatsoever. He paid the examination on June 20, 1910, Voisin biplane with a 50 hp, and GNOME obtained from the Aero Club Argentino Brevet No. 9. He remained in the country until July
Activity in Argentina
January 27, 1910: Moved the plane to a hangar in Hurlingham Racetrack with the collaboration of Mr. Politi and the wife of Ponzelli (Diario La Nacion on January 28 of 1910).
January 29, 1910: This Saturday conducted the first test, and damaged a cylinder engine (Diario La Nacion on January 30, 1910).
January 30, 1910: On the morning of 30 Voisin moved to the firing range Garrison Military Campo de Mayo, with the intention of making the test flight there. That Sunday made 2 attempts. The first was at 16 pm. At 16:50 came the Baron Antonio De Marchi carrying diplomatic specially invited. The second was at 18 pm and was attended by General Rafael M. Aguirre, in the same place 2 races off and the plane reached 25 km / h and 120 m off to climb some 10 meters high, and when wearing traveled about 200 m in flight as a gust of wind bent on a The wing putting in sliding. Under these circumstances, Ponzelli stopped the engine and tried to convert the sliding glide, but when you touch the ground Voisin suffered a broken landing gear and the tail. The prevailing wind was 25.2 km / h. It was the first attempt to fly at Campo de Mayo but it was bumpy.
Second attempt at the Hurlingham Racecourse. About 300 people attended the flights began at 18 pm. In the race-off when it reached the 30 km / h the plane left the plane crashed into a pole at the edge of the area and fired Ponzelli went to 3 m. The Voisin was with the tail and virtually destroyed and the propeller bent.
February 23, 1910: Ponzelli performed 3 trials in Hurlingham. In the last crashed.
February 24, 1910: Ponzelli flew 30 m to 1 km and landed in the Hurlingham Club for failure of the engine.
July 7, 1910: Save the plane in Villa Lugano (Hangar No. 7), Ponzelli made 3 flights.
Nel visit in 1909 Wilburn nel nostro Paese if Incontrera with Calderara; 5 mesi dopo il corso di Giovane Veronese ot-BREVETTO terrà il primo di di air pilot in Italy. Il 15 dicembre 1911 Calderara lights with Success il volo a idrovolante gives him create. L'Italia intanto whether it was già affacciata alla storia aereonoutica with alcune originality diavolerie type il triplane di Aristide Faccioli or il singolare aereocurvo termed Ponzelli-Miller. Ma sara la Grande Guerra with a fermare-il ruolo di nuovo mezzo cousin of the piano. Wilbur if spegnerà nel 1912 to Dayton, nell'Ohio. Alla sua morte il Fratello diverrà president dell 'American Wright Company, società che verrà ceduta soltanto dopo tre anni di change in an forte di Somma damaged. Orville lavorerà eats consulente fine all'anno della sua morte: Dayton, 1948.